Laparoscopy is a surgical technique in which gas (CO2) is pumped into the abdominal cavity and instruments are manipulated through small incisions under video camera guidance.
The method of surgery is much less invasive than open surgery. Advantages include shorter hospitalisation, reduced pain, reduced scarring, and lower rates of ileus (intestinal stasis).
This type of surgery may not be advisable for those with severe heart conditions, chronic obstructive heart disease, adhesions, shock, and certain hernias.
Many types of operations may be performed laparoscopically, such as appendicectomy, hernia repair, Nissen fundoplication, cholecystectomy, bowel resection and splenectomy.